There are two major types of cholesterol: High-density lipoprotein, or "good cholesterol" and low-density lipoprotein, or "bad cholesterol". When you have high levels of LDL, plaque begins to form in the arteries. Also known as atherosclerosis, this process makes it difficult for blood to flow freely in the arteries, causing many complications. High cholesterol has many causes including family history, unhealthy dietary and overall lifestyle habits including but not limited to smoking and drinking alcohol, stress, and others. Since high cholesterol has no immediate symptoms, it is important to see your physician to make sure your cholesterol levels are normal. In terms of the best diet to keep your cholesterol levels normal and healthy, it is important to have a diet filled with foods that contain high fiber, whole grains, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. You should try to minimize the consumption of foods that have high levels of saturated and trans fat. For more information of what kinds of foods fall in either category, you may visit a dietician or ask your physician. Exercise can also reduce cholesterol content and improve your overall well-being. If necessary, there are many prescribed medications that can lower your cholesterol levels. Usually, a balanced approach leads to successful treatment of high cholesterol.
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